Located about 360 kilometres west of Lubumbashi, in one of the richest mining basins in the world, Kolwezi was officially created in 1937 by the settlers to house the headquarters of the Haut-Katanga Mining Union. This Far-West-looking yet dynamic city perched on the Manika plateau, at an altitude of about 1460 metres, has unwittingly entered history for almost half a century… Visiting Congo and discovering this effervescent city for the first time in his life, photographer Yann Macherez shares his logbook. Welcome to Lualaba!

A LITTLE HISTORY

1906, the minerals rush

The existence of Lualaba province is linked to that of Haut-Katanga, to which it has belonged for decades as a district or sub-region. Located in one of the richest mining basins in Katanga, the city of Kolwezi will be created thanks to copper and cobalt mining by the Union Minière du Haut Katanga (U.M.H.K). The important gold deposit of Rwe, now Mutoshi, was discovered in 1903. In 1906, there was a minerals rush and Mutoshi and Musonoï experienced spectacular development. It was then that the settlers thought of creating a modern European city. On 5 January 1963, Lualaba was erected as a province for the first time, with Kolwezi as its capital and Dominique Diur as governor. Today, Kolwezi has a population of about 2.5 million inhabitants, over an area of 121,300 km².

 

A rich and tumultuous history

Rich and tumultuous, Kolwezi’s history was written around the great migrations, the genesis of Luba empires, the arrival of the first Europeans and explorers (Verney Cameron, Henry Morton Stanley), the Tshokwe kingdom and the reign of King M’Siri, the arrival of the Stairs expedition in 1891, and the beginning of the Bayeke dynasty.

Research has shown the presence of populations in the Neolithic era. The Bantus, who populated the region during the Iron Age, really contributed to its development. From the 8th to the 18th century, the region was marked by the imprint of the Luba empire. The kingdom was founded in the 16th century by Yala Puaka. In 1650, King Mwant Yav, who then ruled the largest kingdom in the savannah, founded the first Luba kingdom with Musumba as its capital. The kingdom under the authority of a single sovereign became a real empire. Today, His Majesty The Mwami Mwenda Bantu Kaneranera Godefroid Munongo Jr. occupies the throne.

LOGBOOK

Of unequalled beauty and potential, the province of Lualaba is filled with an abundance of mostly untapped natural resources (waterfalls, parks, caves, rocks, mountains and hills, fauna and flora, plateaus, waterfalls, rapids, lakes, beaches, mines, etc).

Going there

There are many ways to get to Kolwezi. By road on a bus or car or by plane. From Lubumbashi, small carriers serve Kolwezi daily with one or two rotations.

Airlines
Congo Airways www.congoairways.com
Air Fast Congo www.airfast-congo.com

Bus
Classic Coach +243 996754810

Sleep

Kampi Ya Boma
+243 992663579 – resv@copperbeltlodges.com – www.copperbeltlodges.com

Le Manguier
+243 993620063 – hotellemanguierklz@gmail.com

La Paillote
+243 991881443

Eat

Fit & Food Health Center
+243 975106117 – +243 990677328

Taverne La Bavière
+243 992186333

L’Aurore
+243 97204654

Le Pacha
+243 811698014

Bars & Nightlife

Six Seven +243 853210605
Antoine Bel +243 976607930
Chez la Villageoise +243 810884343

Read
Kolwezi in the 50s – George Antippas aux éditions Weirich Africa